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SURGICAL TROCAR HISTORY

The first laparoscopic surgery performed by Philippe Mouret in 1987 was the laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery.

The first laparoscopic surgery performed by Philippe Mouret in 1987 was the laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery. Surgical trocars needed in laparoscopic surgery are medical devices that facilitate the insertion and removal of laparoscopic devices into the abdomen during surgery. When looking at the history of surgical trocars, initially doctors used trocars to reduce the pressure of liquids that cause oedema and gases that cause bloating.
Intercalarily, with the understanding of anatomy developed in the Renaissance period, many medical devices were invented. On the other hand this shows that the importance of medical-based devices is understood and more studies have been initiated to improve them. The emerging different types of diseases have increased the need for medical devices such as trocars. Although the use of trocars is thought to date back thousands of years, they emerged in the early 19th century and as a result of years of research on trocars, Reginald Southey invented the Southey tube. Thus, trocars have become usable medical devices.
In addition, due to the valve they have, the trocars allow laparoscopic instruments to be inserted and removed into the abdomen, while preventing the carbon dioxide gas inside from escaping. Egyptian obstetrician Dr Harrith M Hasson developed the blunt-tipped trocar insertion technique with mini laparotomy performed in the abdomen. She developed the blunt tip trocar insertion technique with this laparotomy. This technique, known as the Hasson technique, is used in today and the trocar type with a blunt tip is called the Hasson trocar.
Although it is not known exactly when trocars first appeared, they are medical devices that have continued their existence by progressing and developing thousands of years ago and have been medically used not only by doctors but also by veterinarians, for instance, in cases of bloating in cattle, a large diameter trocar is used to release trapped gas.
Surgical trocars, which existed in human life in different ways thousands of years ago, continue their existence as a single patient use tool to perform laparoscopic surgery in modern times.